Track loaders, sometimes called crawlers, are types of loading vehicles that run on tracks instead of wheels. The tracks ensure that the vehicles can operate in all types of terrains, much like a tank can. A track loader has a loader bucket attached to an extendable arm on the front that is used for digging, lifting, shoveling and moving. The vehicle usually has a backhoe on the rear of it. The operator of the loader sits atop of the vehicle in a cabin. These types of loaders are commonly used to move mined ore, dirt fills, loose loam, coal, fertilizer, snow, grain, and soil, earth fills, etc.
The way the loader’s tracks are designed allows each tread to move independently as one side can move backwards while the other moves forwards in tight turns etc. If one side of the tracks can’t gain traction the other track can still move the vehicle along.
Track loaders are generally considered to be the most versatile and common types of loaders in the industrial sector as their tracks enable them to maneuver quickly and function well in tight and small spaces. These loaders are ideal at construction sites. A loader is placed in a work site and while it remains stationary, the boom and the loader bucket swivels in an arc to load and unload the materials into waiting dump trucks.
Track loaders are specified by various things such as their capacity in cubic feet of the loading bucket, their vehicle weight, their loader bucket width and size, their engine horsepower, and the height to which their buckets can be lifted, etc. Though the loader bucket has prongs on it, the track loader is not really a very efficient digging machine.
The loader assembly can be either fixed permanently or it can be removable. The buckets can be substituted with plows, rakes, forks and balers etc. so the loader can be used for different types of jobs such as useful for duties such as blowing snow, drilling holes, and trenching. The loader buckets are hydraulically driven with independent oil pumps. The vehicle has an articulated steering mechanism and when it has to be moved over larger distances, it is loaded onto a truck which can bear the heavy load of the vehicle.